Dorothy Vaughan


(left)National Aeronautics and Space Administration

(right)Wikipedia Dorothy Vaughan

"A respected mathematician and NASA's first African-American manager"


born in Kansas City, Missouri on September 20, 1910

earn B.A. in mathematics from Wilberforce University, Ohio in 1929

worked a math teacher at Robert Russa Moton High School in Farmville until 1943

began work for NACA(National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics) at the Langley Research Center in Hampton, Virginia, in 1943

became the first black supervisor at NACA in 1949

died in Hampton, Virginia on November 10, 2008


prepared to machine computers and contributed for the success of several projects at NACA and NASA, such as Project Mercury and Scout Launch Vehicle Program

IBM 7090

a science and technology use mainframe one generation prior to the System/360

a system consisting of multiple units such as a card reader and a tape unit in addition to the CPU


Wikipedia IBM 7090

I/O tape, punch cards and printers can be connected

Project Gemini and Project Mercury, and transition for Apollo program

FORTRAN(FORmula TRANslation)

the first high-level programming language

imperative programming language especially suited to numeric computation and scientific computing

developed by John Backus and IBM in the 1950s

the basis for other programming languages such as BASIC


Wikipedia Fortran

Historical Background

Jim Crow laws were enacted in the late 19th and 20th centuries.

Executive Order 8802 was an order to prohibit racial, religious and ethnic discrimination in the country's defense industry.

NACA was transitioned into the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) in 1958.


National Aeronautics and Space Administration Dorothy Vaughan Biography.

Wikipedia Dorothy Vaughan.

IBM Systems Japan Blog ドロシー・ヴォーン.

Wikipedia Fortran.

IBM 7090 Data Processing System.

Wikipedia IBM 7090.

The IBM 1401 compiles and runs FORTRAN II

Melfi, Theodore, director. Hidden Figures. 20th Century Fox, 2016.

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Last-modified: 2019-06-18 (火) 20:24:40 (953d)